Among the Member States, Brazil is the country with the most advanced environmental laws, led by Article 225 of the 1988 Federal Constitution, Title VIII, Chapter VI: Nov 2019: Analysis of the content of the agreement by the Veblen Institute and the FNH. Preliminary analysis of the trade agreement BETWEEN the EU and Mercosur This is why the efforts of Member States to achieve full harmonisation of legislation must be continued in order to promote the process of regional integration. They can first analyse the national environmental legislation of member countries in order to identify similarities between them, such as the strong influence of international conferences and treaties and constitutional texts that start from a common origin. After two decades of negotiations, the EU agreement with Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay is now awaiting approval from the governments of the Member States and the European Parliament. If the AGREEMENT between the EU and Mercosur is to be truly controlled, fundamental reform is needed. The texts on environmental protection within MERCOSUR began to take their first steps shortly after Rio-92. However, the initial result was only contracts and meetings on specific environmental issues and no uniform environmental legislation was established within the bloc. The most important document in this regard is the Framework Agreement on the Environment (AQMAM), adopted in 2001 and added in 2004 by the Common Market Council (JMC), which launched regional environmental protection. Mercosur is a major market for EU exports and has so far been Latin America`s only major trading partner with which the EU does not have a preferential trade agreement. EU companies have exported to the four founding countries of Mercosur: the treaty has also developed decision-making bodies and procedures “that operate outside democratic control,” the environment group said. June 2020: a complaint from the Veblen Institute, the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, Clientearth, Fern and the International Federation for Human Rights lodges with the Ombudsman of the European UNION for failing to comply with the Commission`s obligation to ensure that this agreement does not lead to social, economic and environmental damage or human rights violations.
The Ombudsman has opened an investigation into the agreement, which will require the Commission to respond. The trade agreement could jeopardize employment in manufacturing on a large scale: an estimated 186,000 industrial jobs are lost in Argentina in the world. At the same time, EU farmers` organisations are concerned about the negative consequences of the agreement for European farmers. Trade unions in both regions stressed the need for balanced development in both regions. You stressed that it had not been possible to ratify various fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organization in the Mercosur region. Trade unions rightly call for people and their fundamental rights to be placed at the centre of negotiations, as well as decent work and support for the most vulnerable members of society. The agreement will also pave the way for supply chains of products manufactured to contribute to the preservation of the environment, such as paran nuts from natural forests.B. The agreement removes import tariffs on more than 90% of EU products exported to Mercosur.