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Belfast Agreement Vs Good Friday Agreement

8th April 2021 • By

The most controversial issue was the Northern Irish border with the Republic of Ireland. The border, heavily militarized during the conflict, has since become essentially invisible, with people and goods crossing freely. This was largely possible because Ireland and the United Kingdom were part of the EU single market, a common set of rules that allow the free movement of goods, services, people and money within the bloc. In a major compromise, the parties agreed on measures to promote the Irish language, which trade unionists have long opposed to the fear that it will increase nationalist and republican culture to the detriment of their own. In return, the agreement contained provisions to promote Ulster-Scots, traditionally spoken by descendants of Protestants from Scotland to Northern Ireland. Negotiations were also reinforced by commitments in Dublin and London for increased funding for hospitals, schools and other social services in Northern Ireland. The Good Friday Agreement, also known as the Belfast Agreement, was signed on Good Friday on 10 April 1998. It consists of two closely linked agreements, the Anglo-Irish Agreement and the Multi-Party Agreement. It led to the creation of a decentralised system of government in Northern Ireland and the creation of many new institutions, such as the Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive, the North South South Ministerial Council and the British Irish Council. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is included in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, confirmed that the Good Friday Agreement must be protected in all its parts. As part of the agreement, it was proposed to build on the existing Inter-Parliamentary Commission in English-Irish. Prior to the agreement, the body was composed only of parliamentarians from the British and Irish assemblies. In 2001, as proposed by the agreement, it was extended to include parliamentarians of all members of the Anglo-Irish Council.

The Anglo-Irish Agreement is an agreement between the British and Irish governments. The agreement was committed with the various institutions defined in the multi-party agreement.